Different Types of Mobile Apps
Anyone who wants to develop an app for their business will eventually have to address the question: which type of mobile app are we going to have? Mobile apps are often classified according to the method used to develop an application so that the development of mobile applications can be divided into the following groups:
- Native mobile apps
1.1. iOS app development
1.2. Android app development
- Cross-platform mobile apps
2.1. React Native
- Hybrid mobile apps
3.1. Ionic + Android.js
3.2. Quasar + Vue.js
3.3. Framework7 + React.js
- Progressive Web Apps
NATIVE MOBILE APPS
Android & iOS Mobile Apps
Native applications are those mobile applications that are written in platform-specific programming languages. Native applications must be written in the appropriate programming language for each operating system, so Objective-C or Swift is used for iOS applications, while native Android applications are written in Java or Kotlin. To develop “native mobile applications” on several different platforms, for each operating system you must have software engineers in the team. The conclusion is that native applications have superior performance but also a great price.
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CROSS – PLATFORM MOBILE APPS
ReactNative, NativeScript and Xamarin
This way of creating mobile applications allows us to simultaneously (with the same code) create applications for iOS and Android. Using this approach we make great savings in time and production costs with minimal loss of performance. Currently, ReactNative, NativeScript and Xamarin say they have 100% support for native functionality through their APIs. Xamarin is able to make iOS, Android, Windows, macOS and Linux, while ReactNative and NativeScript are limited to iOS and Android only.
It is known that applications made for the same purpose on iOS and Android platforms look a little different because each platform follows its own guidelines. This fact is the biggest problem of cross-platform mobile applications since the code is written once and used for both platforms. There is a case when the elements graphically match the guidelines of a specific platform, but their position on the screen does not match, ie. the position on the screen is different on different platforms.
HYBRID MOBILE APPS
The problem with hybrid applications is that they do not have access to all system functions and have lower performance than native applications. This problem is pronounced in older phones (especially on the Android platform before version 4.0) where the user interface is slow to render and chopping occurs when performing animation. Although currently, the situation is better, mainly due to the significant processing power of current devices, and partly due to the tools used for development and progress in the optimization of mobile operating systems. It should not be overlooked that by building hybrid applications we automatically inherit all the problems that come with programming on the web (different functionality support for different browsers…).
PROGRESSIVE WEB APPS
Progressive Web Apps are Web apps built to be efficient, secure, and installable. These three elements are turned into an environment that feels like a native application. Progressive web applications (PWAs) may run when the device is offline (using service workers), and may have some hardware access to the device that is traditionally only available to native mobile applications. PWAs are always up-to-date thanks to the service worker update process. PWAs allow users to “save” applications they deem most useful on their home screen by creating a shortcut without using any of the app stores (GooglePlay, App Store). Companies that launched Progressive Web Apps saw impressive results.